Brown Spots / Hyperpigmentation
Brown spots (also known as hyperpigmentation, melasma, freckles, age spots, liver spots, post inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) are the result of an overproduction of melanin. Melanin is the substance that provides color to the skin and protects it from the sun. Differences in skin color among individuals and populations is caused by variation in pigmentation as the result of genetics and differences in environment (exposure to the sun/ultraviolet radiation).
Darker skin tones’ melanin production provides considerable protection from sun damage and photoaging. However, they can have more melanin-related skin problems.
Brown spots can appear anywhere on the body, but is most commonly found on sun-exposed areas. Brown spots often begin to appear after years of sun exposure, even if you no longer tan or use sunscreen.
Types of Hyperpigmentation
Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) caused by pimples, burns, scratches or other minor skin traumas triggers excess melanin production. This leaves behind a dark patch that can last for months or even permanently. Sometimes skin trauma can cause hypopigmentation, or “white spots”, that are permanent.
Often known as the “pregnancy mask”, is characterized by splotchy, pigmented areas, usually on the face. As a result, this affects women more often than men and is most prominent in Skin of Color individuals.
Factors that stimulate the types and amounts of melanin production are genetically determined and influenced by hormonal changes, inflammation, age and exposure to ultraviolet light. This makes melasma stubborn and hard to eliminate. A customized skin-care approach including a combination of an anti-inflammatory diet, balancing of hormones, topical products and treatments, can result in clearer, more even skin tone.
Lentigo simply means one freckle; lentigenes are multiple freckles.
Widely known as sun spots, age spots and liver spots, range from light brown to black in color. They usually appear on sun-exposed areas of the body.
Also known as Actinic Keratosis, is a change in some area of your skin that carries the risk of turning into skin cancer. Lesions can be skin colored, pink, red or brown. They are typically rough, dry patches that can become raised and hard. They can grow up to a centimeter or two in diameter. Caused by years of sun exposure and damage, precancerous lesions are often seen on the face, back of hands, chest, arms and lower legs.